Do Apple Seeds are Poisonous? What Occurs In Case You Eat Them?
Without a doubt, Apples are among world’s most popular fruits. They possess tiny, black seeds that are generally avoided due to their bitter taste. However, some individuals may occasionally eat them accidentally or not bother to spit them out. Lots of people consider Apple seeds are poisonous, while other people may consider them a healthy snack.
So, what is the truth? This article reviews the scientific evidence.
Crushed or Chewed Apple Seeds Release Cyanide
Apple seeds possess a plant compound named amygdalin. This compound is present in quite high amounts in the seeds of fruits in the rose family which includes apples, peaches, almonds, apricots, and cherries.
Amygdalin is a component of the seeds’ chemical defenses. It is not dangerous when intact, but when the seeds are damaged, chewed or digested, amygdalin degrades into hydrogen cyanide. This is really poisonous and even fatal in high doses.
Cyanide was used like a poison throughout history. It works by interfering with cells’ oxygen supplies and may result in death within minutes at enough high dose.
How Much Cyanide Can You Tolerate?
Ingesting 0.2–1.6 mg of cyanide per pound of body weight ( 0.5–3.5 mg/kg ) may bring about serious poisoning, leading to a coma, paralysis, heart, and lung failure or possibly even death.
For an adult that weighs 180-pound (81 kg), this is equal to 41–286 mg of cyanide.
Lower amounts of cyanide trigger numerous milder symptoms including a headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, stomach cramps, weakness, and confusion.
The right amount needed to make you sick hinges on your body weight. Kids are at a higher risk.
Now the Question is Do Apple Seeds Release Enough Cyanide to Make You Sick?
One gram of apple seeds contain 1 – 4 mg amygdalin, depending on the variety. But, the quantity of cyanide resulting from apple seeds is significantly less. One gram of finely crushed or chewed apple seeds may release up to 0.06 – 0.24 mg of cyanide. Therefore, having 2 cups of ground apple seeds could be fatal. At least, it could make you sick.
The correct fatal dose of apple seeds ranges widely. It actually depends on body weight, individual tolerance as well as the type of apple. Remember that much lower amounts might make you sick.
The table below demonstrates how many apple seeds you might need to eat to risk death, relative to your body weight.
As an example, 243–6,804 apple seeds could perhaps be needed to kill an 180-pound person. To put this in perspective, an entire apple may contain between 0–20 seeds.
Furthermore, swallowing whole apple seeds is not going to trigger any symptoms. The seed cover guards them against digestive enzymes, so they cross harmlessly through your digestive system. However, it’s doubtless wise to remove the seeds before giving apples to kids or pets.
Brief Summary: Consuming a couple of apple seeds is risk-free. But, vast amounts of ground or crushed seeds ( over 100 grams ) are very likely fatal.
The Bottom Line
Apple peels and flesh are extremely healthy and cause absolutely no risks to your health. On the other hand, chewed or crushed apple seeds discharge small amounts of cyanide, which is highly toxic. But, you may perhaps need to completely chew and swallow over 150 seeds before you experienced any damaging symptoms. So when you accidentally eat a couple of apple seeds, you do not have to be concerned!