What Is Arrhythmia? Symptoms, Causes & Types
For those who didn’t know, Arrhythmia is a heart disease which occurs when the electrical impulses are causing your heart to beat too slow, too fast or having an irregular heartbeat. It feels like racing heart or flattering, and in most of the cases, it is harmless. Unfortunately, in certain cases, it can lead to problems in your life and stop you from performing your daily activities. In order to reduce arrhythmia, you should lead a heart-healthy lifestyle.
Symptoms: there are many cases in which this heart condition is now showing any kind of symptoms. However, your doctor can discover it before you experience some symptoms, just by taking some tests. On the other hand, there are some cases where people have noticeable signs and symptoms:
– Chest pain
– Shortness of breath
– A fluttering in your chest
– A slow heartbeat (which is known as bradycardia)
– A racing heartbeat (which is known as tachycardia)
– Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
When to see a doctor?
If you experience slow or racing heartbeat, it means you are dealing with arrhythmia. In fact, your heart is not functioning properly which means that its pumping function won’t be effectively done since you have slow or racing heartbeats. You should definitely consult your health care provider if you are experiencing some of the above-mentioned symptoms. If your symptoms are getting worse, then you should seek urgent medical help. The doctor will provide you with the best treatment in order to improve your overall health. Listen to his or her advice and take all the medicines that are needed.
Causes: Here are causes of arrhythmia:
– Drinking too much alcohol or caffeine
– High blood pressure
– Drug abuse
– Air pollution
– Overactive thyroid gland (hyper-thyroidism)
– Underactive thyroid gland (hypo-thyroidism)
– Blocked arteries in your heart (this condition is known as coronary artery disease)
– Electrical shock
– A heart attack that is occurring right now
– Certain prescription medicines
– Changes to your heart’s structure, such as from cardiomyopathy
– Scarring of heart tissue from a prior heart attack
– Certain dietary supplements and herbal treatments
According to medical experts, besides the place-ventricles or atria, there are some other types of arrhythmia:
The heart is beating too fast – more than 100 beats per minute.
The heart is beating too slow – less than 60 beats a minute.
Here are some risk factors that can increase your chances to get arrhythmia:
• Diabetes: when diabetes is not under control, you are more prone to high blood pressure and coronary artery disease.
• Drinking too much alcohol: excessive consumption of alcohol will increase the electrical impulses in your heart, thus increasing the chances to get atrial fibrillation.
• Caffeine or nicotine use: the consumption of too much caffeine and incorporating too much nicotine can lead to more serious types of arrhythmia. Moreover, using illegal drugs can lead to arrhythmia and even to sudden death.
• Obstructive sleep apnea: this happens when your breathing is interrupted while sleeping, which increases the chances of atrial fibrillation, bradycardia and other types of arrhythmias.
• Ruined electrolytes balance: electrolytes like potassium, sodium, magnesium, and calcium are helping to trigger as well as to conduct the electrical impulses, and if they are too low or too high, can trigger arrhythmia.
• High blood pressure: High blood pressure leads to coronary artery disease. Moreover, it can also be the reason of stiffing and ticking of the walls on your left ventricle which can change the balance of electrical impulses which can cause your arrhythmia.