Certain Populations May Be at Risk of Iron Deficiency

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Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia, which affects a billion people worldwide. A person who is iron deficient may have various symptoms, including fatigue, dizziness, headaches, sensitivity to cold and shortness of breath when doing simple tasks.

Moreover, iron deficiency can result in poorer attention span and mental function. In fact, being deficient during early childhood has been linked to lower IQs.

Children, adolescents, and women of reproductive age, particularly during pregnancy, are most at risk of iron deficiency. This is because their intake doesn’t meet their body’s high demand for it.

Additionally, it’s commonly thought that vegetarians and vegans are more prone to iron deficiency. But, interestingly, studies have shown that vegetarian and vegan diets contain just as much iron, if not more, than diets containing meat.

However, although vegetarians may consume as much iron as non-vegetarians, a review found that they are still at greater risk of deficiency. This is because they consume mainly non-heme iron, which is not absorbed as well as the heme form in animal products.

It’s generally recommended that vegetarians multiply their recommended iron intake by 1.8 times to compensate for the reduced absorption.

Brief Summary:

Iron deficiency is very common. Those who are most at risk include children, adolescents, women of reproductive age, pregnant women, vegetarians, and vegans.

Sources & References:
www.healthline.com
www.nejm.org
academic.oup.com
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
www.thieme-connect.com
www.wjgnet.com
www.clinicalkey.com
www.cambridge.org

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Photo by freestocks.org on Unsplash Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia, which affects a billion people worldwide. A person who is iron deficient may have various symptoms, including fatigue, dizziness, headaches, sensitivity to cold and shortness of breath when doing simple tasks. Moreover, iron deficiency can result in poorer attention span...
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